There are many different types of burns and each can range from mild to severe. It is important to know how to treat burns if you or someone you are with is injured.
Degrees of burns range from first to fourth. If you get a burn, it is not necessary to try to classify it. Instead, you should assess the damage to decide whether you have received a minor or major burn. A major burn includes any of these signs: the burn is deep or covers an area larger than 3 inches; the skin at the burn site is dry and leathery looking; charred-looking skin or patches of white, brown, or black are visible at the burn site; and/or the burn covers the hands, feet, face, groin, buttocks or a major joint. If you or someone you are with experiences a burn with any of these signs, call 911 immediately. A major burn is a medical emergency and requires immediate medical attention. It should not be treated at home. If the person affected is an infant or a senior, you should also call 911, regardless of the severity of the burn.
How To Treat Minor Burns
How To Care For A Burn
Burn Pain Relief
If needed, you can take an over the counter pain reliever to help manage the discomfort associated with a minor burn. However, if you are feeling a lot of pain, even if you think your burn is minor, it is a good idea to call your doctor or go to your local emergency clinic for professional treatment. As the burn begins to heal, you can use a small amount of burn cream on the area. Look for a burn ointment formulated with a topical anesthetic to help reduce discomfort. There are many burn remedies and products to choose from, so if you are unsure which is best for you, ask your doctor for their recommendation. If at any point you notice that the burn looks infected, you should see a doctor right away. Infected burns can be dangerous. Signs of an infected burn include: pus or discharge from the affected area; an increase in pain; a change of color at the burn site; and/or a fever.
In most cases, minor burns can be treated effectively at home. With burn pain relief products and proper care, most minor burns will heal on their own. In most cases, once the affected area begins to heal, you should be able to go about your daily life normally. However, take care to keep the burned skin out of the sun, as exposure can worsen scarring and/or discoloration of the burned area. If you have questions or concerns, do not hesitate to contact your doctor.